Earl Derr Biggers

Barbara Gregorich

Available in softcover

Available as an ebook

Earl Derr Biggers

Earl Derr Biggers (1884-1933) was a popular novelist, short story writer, and playwright. Worn out by the stresses of revising plays for temperamental actors, he took a vacation to Hawaii in 1920. While basking on the beach of Waikiki (and probably thinking of temperamental actors), he plotted the perfect murder. In 1925 he published The House Without a Key, depicting that perfect murder and introducing the character of Chinese-Hawaiian police inspector Charlie Chan.

Charlie Chan was an overnight sensation: fans clamored for more, propelling Biggers into writing a series. The first Chan novel was followed by five others. With the early death of Biggers in 1933, the novels stopped. Today far more people know of Chan through movies and television than through the novels.

Based on the correspondence between Biggers and his publisher, Bobbs-Merrill, Charlie Chan's Poppa: Earl Derr Biggers examines the novels that Biggers wrote, how they were or weren't promoted, and his initial ambuity about committing to a mystery series.  Available here.

Behind the Article

Earl Derr Biggers was born and raised in Warren, Ohio. As a teenager in Trumbull County, Ohio, I often used the public library in Warren, which was the county seat. There I discovered local authors such as Biggers. I first read the six Chan novels when in high school, then again ten years later, then again after that.

In the late 1990s I decided to write an article about Biggers — partly because I grew up near his home town; partly because few people knew of Biggers; partly because even fewer knew that Charlie Chan as Biggers depicted him was not the same as the movie caricature. In researching Biggers, I spent days at the Lilly Library, Indiana University, going through the Bobbs-Merrill Collection, which housed the correspondence between Biggers and his editor. I was also guided by and indebted to the articles written by mystery reviewer Jon L. Breen. My articles on Biggers were published by Timeline (Ohio Historical Society) and Harvard Magazine.

For years I kept writing myself sticky notes that said "Write EDB bio." And for years I ignored my own notes. But finally, in 2018, I put together the book I had been wanting to write for a long, long time . . . maybe ever since I was sixteen years old and picked up a copy of The House Without a Key.Bg

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